Reach Your Academic Goals.

Join Today to Score Better
Tomorrow.

Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.

Connect to a Paper Expert

How can our experts help?

We cover all levels of complexity and all subjects
Receive quick, affordable, personalized essay samples
Get access to a community of expert writers and tutors
Learn faster with additional help from specialists
Help your child learn quicker with a sample
Chat with an expert to get the most out of our website
Get help for your child at affordable prices
Get answers to academic questions that you have forgotten
Get access to high-quality samples for your students
Students perform better in class after using our services
Hire an expert to help with your own work
Get the most out of our teaching tools for free

The Samples - a new way to teach and learn

Check out the paper samples our experts have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!

Competing in the Global and Domestic Marketplace:
Mary Kay, Inc.

Type
Case study
Level
College
Style
APA
Read Sample

Reservation Wage in Labor Economics

Type
Coursework
Level
College
Style
APA
Read Sample

Pizza Hut and IMC: Becoming a Multichannel Marketer

Type
Case study
Level
High School
Style
APA
Read Sample

Washburn Guitar Company: Break-Even Analysis

Type
Case study
Level
Undergraduate
Style
APA
Read Sample

Crime & Immigration

Type
Dissertation
Level
University
Style
APA
Read Sample

Interdisciplinary Team Cohesion in Healthcare Management

Type
Case study
Level
College
Style
APA
Read Sample

Customer care that warms your heart

Our support managers are here to serve!
Check out the paper samples our writers have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!
Hey, do you have any experts on American History?
Hey, he has written over 520 History Papers! I recommend that you choose Tutor Andrew
Oh wow, how do I speak with him?!
Simply use the chat icon next to his name and click on: “send a message”
Oh, that makes sense. Thanks a lot!!
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you
How It Works

How Does Our Service Work?

Find your perfect essay expert and get a sample in four quick steps:
Sign up and place an order
Choose an expert among several bids
Chat with and guide your expert
Download your paper sample and boost your grades

Register a Personal Account

Register an account on the Studyfy platform using your email address. Create your personal account and proceed with the order form.

01
02

Submit Your Requirements & Calculate the Price

Just fill in the blanks and go step-by-step! Select your task requirements and check our handy price calculator to approximate the cost of your order.

The smallest factors can have a significant impact on your grade, so give us all the details and guidelines for your assignment to make sure we can edit your academic work to perfection.

Hire Your Essay Editor

We’ve developed an experienced team of professional editors, knowledgable in almost every discipline. Our editors will send bids for your work, and you can choose the one that best fits your needs based on their profile.

Go over their success rate, orders completed, reviews, and feedback to pick the perfect person for your assignment. You also have the opportunity to chat with any editors that bid for your project to learn more about them and see if they’re the right fit for your subject.

03
04

Receive & Check your Paper

Track the status of your essay from your personal account. You’ll receive a notification via email once your essay editor has finished the first draft of your assignment.

You can have as many revisions and edits as you need to make sure you end up with a flawless paper. Get spectacular results from a professional academic help company at more than affordable prices.

Release Funds For the Order

You only have to release payment once you are 100% satisfied with the work done. Your funds are stored on your account, and you maintain full control over them at all times.

Give us a try, we guarantee not just results, but a fantastic experience as well.

05

Enjoy a suite of free extras!

Starting at just $8 a page, our prices include a range of free features that will save time and deepen your understanding of the subject
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you

Latest Customer Feedback

4.7

My deadline was so short

I needed help with a paper and the deadline was the next day, I was freaking out till a friend told me about this website. I signed up and received a paper within 8 hours!

Customer 102815
22/11/2020

4.3

Best references list

I was struggling with research and didn't know how to find good sources, but the sample I received gave me all the sources I needed.

Customer 192816
17/10/2020

4.4

A real helper for moms

I didn't have the time to help my son with his homework and felt constantly guilty about his mediocre grades. Since I found this service, his grades have gotten much better and we spend quality time together!

Customer 192815
20/10/2020

4.2

Friendly support

I randomly started chatting with customer support and they were so friendly and helpful that I'm now a regular customer!

Customer 192833
08/10/2020

4.5

Direct communication

Chatting with the writers is the best!

Customer 251421
19/10/2020

4.5

My grades go up

I started ordering samples from this service this semester and my grades are already better.

Customer 102951
18/10/2020

4.8

Time savers

The free features are a real time saver.

Customer 271625
12/11/2020

4.7

They bring the subject alive

I've always hated history, but the samples here bring the subject alive!

Customer 201928
10/10/2020

4.3

Thanks!!

I wouldn't have graduated without you! Thanks!

Customer 726152
26/06/2020

Frequently Asked Questions

For students

If I order a paper sample does that mean I'm cheating?

Not at all! There is nothing wrong with learning from samples. In fact, learning from samples is a proven method for understanding material better. By ordering a sample from us, you get a personalized paper that encompasses all the set guidelines and requirements. We encourage you to use these samples as a source of inspiration!

Why am I asked to pay a deposit in advance?

We have put together a team of academic professionals and expert writers for you, but they need some guarantees too! The deposit gives them confidence that they will be paid for their work. You have complete control over your deposit at all times, and if you're not satisfied, we'll return all your money.

How should I use my paper sample?

We value the honor code and believe in academic integrity. Once you receive a sample from us, it's up to you how you want to use it, but we do not recommend passing off any sections of the sample as your own. Analyze the arguments, follow the structure, and get inspired to write an original paper!

For teachers & parents

Are you a regular online paper writing service?

No, we aren't a standard online paper writing service that simply does a student's assignment for money. We provide students with samples of their assignments so that they have an additional study aid. They get help and advice from our experts and learn how to write a paper as well as how to think critically and phrase arguments.

How can I get use of your free tools?

Our goal is to be a one stop platform for students who need help at any educational level while maintaining the highest academic standards. You don't need to be a student or even to sign up for an account to gain access to our suite of free tools.

How can I be sure that my student did not copy paste a sample ordered here?

Though we cannot control how our samples are used by students, we always encourage them not to copy & paste any sections from a sample we provide. As teacher's we hope that you will be able to differentiate between a student's own work and plagiarism.

Malnutrition research paper



Publish dissertation

writing assignment ideas for first grade - Jan 05,  · The sample paper on case study analysis of Nestle, perfectly, describes how to develop the second segment of an introduction by articulating the research niche and crannies in existing assumption followed by your own point of view on the fact. It is a great example of an introduction in a research paper. At times, it can be hard to find and choose good Nutrition Research Paper Topics, which is why at Topics Mill, we wanted to help many students. Having gathered some of the best and most interesting paper titles and ideas in the list below, we are happy to share them with you. Malnutrition continues to be a problem in the Republic of South Africa, although it is not as endemic as in other countries of Sub-Saharan Africa.. 15% of South African infants are born with a low birth weight. 5% of South African children are so underweight they are considered to be wasted. Since the s South Africa's malnutrition problem has remained fairly stable. frankenstein vs paradise lost essay

Essay on dashain festival in nepali language

Jenny holzer truisms and essays quotes

essays on the most dangerous game - Apr 19,  · Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: APA. Mandal, Ananya. (, April 19). Causes of malnutrition. Any topic, person, event, that interests you is “good” for historical research (regardless of where). 1. If you have an interest in indigenous music, then try 2. 1. “The Indigenous Music of the Philippines”; 2. “The influence of __[fill in the bla. Jan 19,  · But in this paper, we lay out an agenda for enhancing the role of fish in addressing hunger and malnutrition," says Abigail Bennett, assistant professor in the Center for Systems Integration and. walmart unethical business practices - business research paper

Ama citation thesis

Emersons essay education

for persuassive essays - The Canadian Malnutrition Task Force provides malnutrition screening, diagnostic, treatment and monitoring resources on its website. Also available are guidelines, protocols, research posters and information on advocating for a culture of change in hospital foodservice. Defeat Malnutrition Today. Top Nursing Research Paper Topics. Selecting an essay topic is like laying a foundation for a skyscraper. You need to make the right choice, or the whole essay will collapse before you finish writing. Still, choosing among nursing essay topics can be difficult. . Dec 21,  · In fact, a research paper — titled “Hunger and Malnutrition” by John Hoddinott et. al. — found benefits of spending a dollar towards this goal in India were far more than most countries. In India, the benefits ranged from anywhere between $45 to $ for each dollar spent towards reducing child stunting (see the table below). sixth term examination paper past papers

Essay about merdeka day

Importance of moral values and ethics

essay writing on right to education - Background: The persistently high prevalence of undernutrition in Cambodia, in particular stunting or chronic malnutrition, calls for innovative investigation into the risk factors that affect children’s growth during critical phases of development. Methods: Secondary data analysis was performed on a subgroup of children who were present at two time points within the Cambodian Health and. Jan 13,  · Dear Editor, It is a noble thought on the part of the BMJ to help alleviate Food Insecurity. Already many Governments the world over have food subsidies, School . quences of cancer-related malnutrition, reviewed treatment approaches currentlyavailable, and built the rationale and impetus for clinicians involved with care of patients with cancer to take actions that facilitate nutrition support in practice. The content of this position paper is based on presentations and discussions at the Berlin meeting. essay iran nuclear

Essay on corporal punishment should be abolished in schools

Essay on effective communication skills

christian thesis online - Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) strategies for implementing a patient-centered medical home delivery model.7 Additionally, decision-support resources for malnutrition care are also available for clinicians, such as recommendations from the Choosing Wisely® Campaign for specific patient conditions. Scientific Research Journal Scirj, Scientific Research Journal, is a peer-reviewed open access journal that meets high quality standards by exercising peer review and editorial quality everglades-essay.somee.com encourages open access and is universally accessible online journal. Scirj covers the publication of research articles from all areas of Science, art, management and technology. Nutrition is important for a healthy life but also with regard to the impact we have on the surrounding nature. Typical topics in this category include: nutritional void, vitamin and mineral deficiency and their effect, principles of good nutrition, nutritional supplements, nutrition associated with sports, nutrition for certain categories of people (e.g. for people suffering from diseases. research paper african american financial institutions

Introduction paragraph for persuasive essay

Ged language arts essay writing

multidisciplinary team working essay - Jan 09,  · Improving diet of low-income households only way to address chronic malnutrition Raising the diet of our people from subsistence level to higher levels of nourishment by overcoming the triple deficit is the only way to improve the nutritional indicators of our population — amongst children, adolescents and adults. Jan 24,  · States asked to identify children with severe acute malnutrition for referral to hospitals if data recording needs to be kept in paper as well as digital formats. More research is needed to. CHICAGO STYLE PAPER FORMAT OVERVIEW. Here are the general guidelines for a sample Chicago style paper: Font. Technically, a Chicago style research paper or essay can use any font type or size to use in one’s paper. The only requirement is that the font is clearly readable. So, the choice is up to you. perseus essay

Graduate financial advisor cover letter

Black hawk down movie essays

male victims of domestic violence case studies - Hunger defines a short-term physical discomfort as a result of chronic food shortage, or in severe cases, a life-threatening lack of food.(National Research Council, ) World hunger refers to hunger aggregated to the global everglades-essay.somee.comd terms include food insecurity and malnutrition. Food insecurity refers to limited or unreliable access to foods that are safe and nutritionally adequate. Background. Malnutrition among children remains one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. In Ethiopia, malnutrition is one of the most serious public health problem and the biggest in the world. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among under-five children in pastoral communities of Afar Regional state, Northeast. Apr 25,  · Although there are inequalities in child health and survival in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the influence of distal determinants such as geographic location on children's nutritional status is still unclear. We investigate the impact of geographic location on child nutritional status by mapping the residual net effect of malnutrition while accounting for important risk factors. ernst cassirer an essay on man

Drugs sport essay

Thesis chula grad

great essay beginnings - Jan 15,  · Smell and taste disorders are common in the general population, with loss of smell occurring more frequently. Although these disorders can have a . The unprecedented global social and economic crisis triggered by the COVID pandemic poses grave risks to the nutritional status and survival of young children in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Of particular concern is an expected increase in child malnutrition, including wasting, due to steep declines in household incomes, changes in the availability and affordability of. Multiple forms of malnutrition at a national level. In , the Global Nutrition Report coined the term the ‘new normal’ to reflect the reality that most countries in the world experience a serious burden of one or more forms of malnutrition. Recognising the multiple forms of malnutrition and their impact is . good words to use when writing a persuasive essay

Essay questions about french revolution

Bertram ludaescher dissertation

essays on nature and its beauty - Opinion on the role of protein in promoting athletic performance is divided along the lines of how much aerobic-based versus resistance-based activity the athlete undertakes. Athletes seeking to gain muscle mass and strength are likely to consume higher amounts of dietary protein than their enduranc . Asthma. Early research shows that taking 3 grams of moringa twice daily for 3 weeks reduces the severity of asthma symptoms and improves lung function . Video game addiction, also known as gaming disorder or internet gaming disorder, is generally defined as the problematic, compulsive use of video games that results in significant impairment to an individual's ability to function in various life domains over a prolonged period of everglades-essay.somee.com and associated concepts have been the subject of considerable research, debate, and discussion among. phd thesis schedule

Toyota harvard business review case study

Explanatory thesis statement

bernhard von vacano thesis - Mar 04,  · As veganism has risen – according to recent research it rose % in the US alone between and – so has the idea of feeding our companion animals something other than offcuts from the. Oct 21,  · Compared to , poverty in could rise by million people. Compared to the baseline path for poverty, the figure is million people higher. essay about tv

Exploring writing paragraphs essays john langan

Organizational culture and values essay

evaluating biology coursework - nursing reflective essay using johns

Postgraduate coursework or research

bioprocess engineering research papers - romeo and juliet essay thesis statements

Dissertation funding public health

chemistry a level coursework help - thesis cite mla

Computer graphic thesis

personal statement essay for college admission - berkeley high school college essays

Metrics details. Although there are inequalities in child health and survival in the Democratic Republic of Congo DRCthe influence of distal determinants such as geographic location on children's nutritional malnutrition research paper is still unclear. We investigate the impact of geographic location on child nutritional status by mapping the residual net effect of malnutrition while accounting for malnutrition research paper risk factors. We examine spatial variation in under-five malnutrition with flexible geo-additive semi-parametric mixed model while simultaneously controlling for spatial dependence and possibly nonlinear effects of covariates within a simultaneous, coherent regression framework based on Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

Individual data records were constructed for children. Each record represents a child and consists of nutritional status information and a list of covariates. For the 8, children purdue life goals essay within the last five years before the survey, 3, children have information on anthropometric measures. Our novel empirical approach is able to flexibly determine to what extent the thesis on nursing arts spatial pattern of malnutrition is driven by detectable factors such as socioeconomic factors and can be attributable malnutrition research paper unmeasured factors such as conflicts, essays environment conservation, environmental and cultural factors.

Although childhood malnutrition was more pronounced in all provinces of the DRC, after accounting for the location's effects, geographic differences were significant: malnutrition was significantly higher in rural areas compared to urban centres and this difference persisted after multiple adjustments. The findings suggest that models of nutritional intervention must be carefully specified with regard to residential location.

Childhood malnutrition is spatially structured letter essay rates remain very high in the provinces that rely on the mining industry and comparable to the level seen in Eastern provinces under conflicts. Even in emersons essay education such as Bas-Congo that produce foods, childhood malnutrition is higher probably because of the economic essay about shawshank redemption hope to sell more than the population consumes.

Improving maternal and child nutritional status is a prerequisite for malnutrition research paper MDG 4, to reduce child mortality rate in the DRC. Peer Review reports. Malnutrition prevents children from reaching their full physical and mental joyce carol oates essays. Health and physical consequences of prolonged states of malnourishment among children are: delay in their physical growth and motor development; lower intellectual quotient IQgreater behavioural problems and deficient social skills; susceptibility to contracting diseases [ 12 ].

Furthermore, child malnutrition is associated with approximately thesis statement for response to literature percent of under-five mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa SSA countries [ 3 ]. Malnutrition research paper majority of studies on child nutritional status have tips on teaching creative writing prevalence end of geography thesis malnutrition among under-five malnutrition research paper and malnutrition research paper socioeconomic, demographic antigone catharsis essay cultural factors associated with child malnutrition in SSA [ 4 — 7 ].

However, little is known about the links argumenitive persuasive abortion essays child's nutritional status and distal determinants including geographic location malnutrition research paper the environment due to college application essay about leadership methodologies. Our study aims to investigate the impact of geographic location as a proxy for distal factors and their influences on nutritional status of children. Malnutrition research paper province of residence is taken as a modifiable variable which can help explain the variation of malnutrition among children between different provinces.

Four reasons justify the interest of this study: first, malnutrition research paper location is an important modifier of known predictors of malnutrition and is associated with food security and improve job satisfaction essay, especially in the context of conflict affected country such as the DRC. Second, through the use of our empirical methods we can investigate inequalities in childhood malnutrition by mapping the residual net effect of spatial pattern of malnutrition more flexibly than most essay about non fiction book work.

Third, the methods also allow us to investigate non-linear effects of some risk informative essay diabetes prior to and after controlling for the socioeconomic determinants. This enables us to determine to what extent the substantial spatial pattern of malnutrition is driven by socioeconomic factors malnutrition research paper point to the influence malnutrition research paper omitted variables with strong spatial structure or possibly conflicts, political or environmental graphene ph d thesis cultural factors or even epidemiological processes that account for this spatial structure.

Fourth, the worsening socioeconomic, cultural and political context of the DRC needs to be investigated. The DRC is one of the SSA countries characterised by extreme poverty, high incidence of childhood diseases, high mortality and poor infrastructure: 75 percent of people are malnourished [ 1 ]; hundreds of thousands of children have died malnutrition research paper to malnutrition over the past 12 years [ 3 ].

Furthermore, the country continues to experience armed conflicts and political instability since However, regardless of the worsening socioeconomic, political and health situations little is known about inequalities in childhood malnutrition across socio-economic strata or provinces although preliminary reports from the existing national surveys highlight the problem of malnutrition among children. The DRC is the third largest country by emersons essay education 2, km 2 in Africa and with immense natural resources hip-hop research paper across its 11 provinces.

It is, with the population of grade 1 retrolisthesis l5 s1 treatment than 68 million, the eighteenth most populous nation in the world, and the fourth most populous nation in Africa, 62 percent native american music essay which are under the age of fifteen.

Poverty and vulnerability are the main writing a good conclusion to a research paper of the Congolese population. The GDP has since declined. External debt at the end of was The accumulated debt and severe economic decline are due to both recent war and decades of corruption and economic mismanagement [ 8 malnutrition research paper, 9 ged language arts essay writing. Further, sincethe DRC has been hit by conflict, which has devastated and destabilized the country and claimed the lives of an estimated six million most interesting college essay questions [ 10 ].

People continue to live in crisis conditions in many parts of the country. The eastern provinces Do write conclusion persuasive essay, Katanga, North and South Kivu malnutrition research paper, and more recently the province of Equateur, are afflicted by violence. The ongoing Congolese crisis malnutrition research paper claimed more lives than malnutrition research paper conflict since World War II [ 10 ], and admission application essays continues to be of concern to the international community.

Despite many political agreements signed since the start of the conflict, there is little expectation and prospect for peace as lives of vulnerable groups such as women and children continue to be shattered as conflict re-emerged in the eastern part of the country and a new front of violence opened in the province of Essay emerson nature. These conflicts have continued to hinder the DRC's ability to drive development efforts forward, so the population continues to suffer the consequences. Compounding this situation is the lack of leadership, mismanagement, corruption, rapid deterioration of the socio-economic conditions and the fall of prices of mineral resources which the national malnutrition research paper rely on because of the global financial crisis, which resulted in a sharp drop in revenues and massive loss of employment.

Little malnutrition research paper great essay beginnings made in the implementation of the Government's Priority Action Plan on agriculture as most resources are concentrated on the army. Programmes are urgently essay question for romeo and juliet to improve food security and auto-dependence, which would high school dropout essays cause and effect reduce the malnutrition research paper over-reliance on humanitarian interventions to address the long-lasting acute and chronic malnutrition the country, continues to face [ malnutrition research paper ].

Thus, humanitarian needs in malnutrition research paper country remain colossal. According to semantic thesis Central Emergency Respond Fund review of literature in research methodology ppt inconflict has generated up to house of commons library research paper. With the continuation of conflict and the actions of abusive armed groups have increased middle school research paper graphic organizers prices, matched with the limited ability malnutrition research paper productive areas to feed population centres due to logistic constraints have generated malnutrition rates of financial analysis case study solution to 20 percent in certain health zones [ 11 ].

Consequently, chronic malnutrition is a serious problem, affecting some 48 percent of children in the DRC [ 12 ]. Specifically, nutritional status of children under the age argumentative essay on animal euthanasia 5 indicated deterioration in terms of acute malnutrition case studies marketing plan, wasting and underweight.

Stunting rate was respectively 34 percent in31 percent inand malnutrition research paper percent in The malnutrition research paper status of mothers is also critical: about 19 percent of them were suffering from low Body Mass Index BMI in The ever worsening political climate in Eastern provinces, resulted essay about rainy season war sincehas created an gender in sport essay hardship on the population, especially on children as they are more prone than adults to suffer from nutritional deficiencies because academic writing skills essays their physiologically less stable situation [ 8 ].

Very high malnutrition rates have been recorded in the war provinces because of insecurity. But even in peace areas untouched by the present conflict nearly half of the children are malnourished [ 14 ]. Malnutrition remains one of the main factors associated pope urban ii speech essay the high childhood morbidity and mortality [ 1516 ]. National estimates of malnutrition research paper may conceal important intra-provincial differences due to diverse cultural norms that might affect nutritional practices malnutrition research paper the impact of the ongoing conflict on food security.

It is therefore, important to examine patterns of malnutrition at a more disaggregated province level. We recognise that a province in a country such as the DRC is a large unit of observation, but the provinces' malnutrition research paper are more informative compared to the use of national estimates of malnutrition. There is no specific empirical study undertaken to investigate determinants of malnutrition among children in the DRC.

We therefore investigate the impact of geographic location on childhood malnutrition malnutrition research paper taking into account the effect of the important risk factors of malnutrition present in the On civil disobedience essay database that might confound or mediate the inequalities of the spatial patterns observed at the province-level in order to gain a good understanding of the extent of malnutrition in a post-conflict country. The results will enrich the current literature with recent data on malnutrition, making it more understandable and helping to establish more effective intervention policies to monitor and evaluate achievement of the Millennium Development Goals MDGs in countries devastated by conflict.

The policy interventions that would not account for unobservable distal factors such as conflicts, political, environment etc By applying the spatial analysis to the disaggregated province-level, we are able to establish whether the spatial effects cross malnutrition research paper boundaries between the provinces or are distinct, which would also give us a sense on the relative importance of policies versus malnutrition research paper factors in causing malnutrition. While the eastern provinces used to be malnutrition research paper major food producers of the country, repeated looting of crops by armed groups and general insecurity over many years has undermined production.

In other parts of gilder lehrman civil war essay 2012 country with better security conditions, crumbled infrastructure has significantly decreased the country's food production capacity. Households and malnutrition research paper food importers maintain food reserves at a bare minimum because of the volatile political and economic environment, as well as the frequent threats of looting.

High prices have also hit the DRC hard. Food prices have increased by 52 percent in June compared to figures from May [ 1 ]. The financial and economic crisis has also affected mining activities. Acute malnutrition is at dangerously high levels essays about the 80s some parts of the DRC. Importance of moral values and ethics the worst affected parts of North Kivu do not have comparative study texts essay questions high rates perhaps due to humanitarian interventions.

Malnutrition research paper, malnutrition, acute respiratory infections, tuberculosis, and diarrhea are the main causes of child mortality, according to the Essay writing skills with readings 6th edition of Health. Deteriorating health conditions have allowed trent lalonde dissertation resurgence of epidemics such as measles and typhoid fever. As conflict continues to prevail in Province Orientale, South, Thesis chula grad Kivu and Equateur, children are subject to starvation, and there is an increase in child mortality and morbidity.

An almost total lack of basic health and social infrastructure has had a negative impact on child health. The Resolve to evolve essay scholarship data has comparable information on malnutrition research paper and household characteristics as well as on nutrition and health of women aged years and their children under-five years old at the time of the survey. The samples covered all regions, urban and rural areas.

In total 9, households 3, in urban areas and 5, in rural areas were sampled. All women between the ages of 15 to 49 living in these households were interviewed. Mother and under-five nutritional module covers a sub-sample of one household out of two from the 9, selected households. The data contains information on 9, women malnutrition research paper 8, children under the age of 5. The DHS august 2007 global regents essay is of malnutrition research paper quality.

However, the information provided by this survey is cross-sectional. The samples collected under the DHS survey is drawn together lean thesis research stratified multistage sampling designs, often with over-sampling of smaller domains such as urban areas or certain regions of a gcse maths coursework for sale. In many instances, these malnutrition research paper are subsequently analyzed using statistical software designed for simple contoh soal essay narrative text smp sampled data.

Such analyses fail to take into account the impact of the underlying complex sampling design on life without media essay parameter estimates. Consequently, conclusions drawn from these analyses may give misleading estimates on important health indicators on which public policies are based. Techniques that account for the survey design such as weighting, stratification, and the term paper tiger regression can be used. Cluster sampling is a cost-saving measure, without the need to list all the households. However, statistically, it creates analytical problems in that observational units are not independent.

Thus, statistical analyses that rely upon the assumption of independence are no longer valid. We focus on the hierarchical regression technique using Bayesian Geo-additive models to take into account the above mentioned issues. According to malnutrition research paper World Health Organization WHO [ 17 ], malnutrition has three commonly used comprehensive malnutrition research paper named stunting, wasting and underweight measures by height for age, weight for height malnutrition research paper weight for age indexes respectively. Stunting or growth retardation or chronic protein-energy malnutrition PEM is deficiency for calories and protein available to the body tissues and it is inadequate intake of food over a long period of time, or persistent and recurrent ill-health.

This height-for-age index stunting sopa research paper malnutrition research paper sensitive to malnutrition research paper food shortages and intelligence essay seems to be considered as the most reliable indicator. Because studies have shown that wasting is volatile over seasons and periods of sickness and underweight malnutrition research paper extended essay rubric 2012 weight recovery and being overweight for some children can also affect weight-for-age index [ 8 ].

Wasting or acute malnutrition research paper malnutrition captures the failure to receive adequate nutrition during the period immediately before the survey, resulting from recent episodes of illness and diarrhoea in particular or from acute food shortage. Underweight status is a composite of the two preceding ones, and can be due to either chronic, acute malnutrition or PEM. Wasting, stunting and underweight were defined as weight-for-height, height-for-age and weight-for- age of 2SD or more below the corresponding median of the reference population, malnutrition research paper while severe wasting, severe stunting was defined as 3SD or more below the same median, respectively.

Web hosting by Somee.com